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Nail and Nailbed Disorders in dogs and cats

Description
Nail and nail bed disorders include:
  • Inflammation of the soft tissue around the nail
  • Fungal infection of the nail
  • Brittle nails that tend to split or break
  • Sloughing of the nail
  • Nail deformity caused by abnormal growth





    Broken toe nail

    Additional information


    Definition
  • Paronychia Inflammation of soft tissue around the nail
  • Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nail
  • Onychorrhexis Brittle nails that tend to split or break
  • Onychomadesis Sloughing of the nail
  • Nail dystrophy Nail deformity caused by abnormal growth

    Pathophysiology
    Nails and nailfolds are subject to trauma, infection, vascular insufficiency, immune-mediated disease, neoplasia, defects in keratinization, and congenital abnormalities. A particular nail deformity may be caused by a variety of diseases. A single disease can present with various nail lesions. In some cases the cause is unknown and there is no response to treatment.

    Systems Affected
    Skin/Exocrine
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